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Twenty-one demands
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Twenty-one demands

The twenty-one demands are demands which then the second Okuma Shigenobu Cabinet sent to the Chinese government in 1915.

The demands caused a severe boycott movement of Japanese products in China.

The demands

  1. China must recognize all German rights, interests, and concessions related to the province of Shantung.
  2. China must not cede or lease any property on Shantung, or along its coast, to any power.
  3. China must allow Japan to build a railway connecting Chefoo or Lungkow with the Kiaochou Tsinanfu Railway.
  4. China must open up cities in Shantung for foreign residence and trade.
  5. China must extend the lease of Port Arthur, Dairen, the South Manchuria Railway, and the Antung-Mukden Railway for an additional 99 years.
  6. China must allow Japanese to lease or own land in South Manchuria and Eastern Inner Mongolia.
  7. China must allow Japanese freedom of movement in those regions.
  8. China must allow Japanese to mine in these regions.
  9. China must obtain Japanese permission before constructing (or permitting) a railway in these regions, and before loaning tax revenue from these regions to foreign powers.
  10. China must consult Japan when it needs political, financial, or military advisors.
  11. China must relinquish control of the Kirin-Chungchun Railway to Japan for a term of 99 years.
  12. China must make the Han-Yeh-Ping Company a joint concern of China and Japan.
  13. China must protect the rights of Han-Yeh-Ping to mine in the areas adjacent to its existing mines.
  14. China must not cede or lease any harbor or bay on its coast to any other power.
  15. China must utilize Japanese political, financial, and military advisers.
  16. China must allow Japanese hospitals, temples, and schools to own land.
  17. China must place its police under joint Japanese and Chinese administration, or employ Japanese policemen.
  18. China must obtain from Japan supply of a certain quantity of arms, or establish an arsenal in China under joint Japanese and Chinese management, and must use experts and materials from Japan.
  19. China must allow Japan to build a railway to connect Wuchang with the Kiukiang-Nanchang and Hangchou, and between Nanchang and Chaochou.
  20. China must consult Japan whenever foreign capital is needed in improving the infrastructure of Fukien Province.
  21. China must give Japanese the right to preach in China.

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