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South Manchuria Railway
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South Manchuria Railway

The South Manchuria Railway Company (Japanese: 満鉄); Mantetsu) was a company founded by Japan in 1906, after the Russo-Japanese War (1904-1905), and operated in Japanese-occupied Manchuria. From 1906 or 1910 until 1925, the company also operated the Korean railway system.

The company developed soy beans and mineral resources and brought them to Japan partly by its railway. It also built hotels, schools, libraries, etc., for Japanese immigrants. It closed by order of GHQ, and was occupied by the Soviet army in 1945.

See also