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Siege of Petersburg
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Siege of Petersburg

The Siege of Petersburg (June 15, 1864 - April 2,1865) was a 10-month long siege of Petersburg, Virginia during the American Civil War. It foreshadowed the trench warfare that would be common in World War I, earning it a prominent position in military history.

Union General Ulysses S. Grant made his headquarters in a cabin on the lawn of Appomattox Manor, the home of Dr. Richard Epps and the oldest home (built in 1763) in what was then City Point but is now Hopewell, Virginia.

In an attempt to break the siege, Union troops mined a tunnel under the Confederate lines and on July 30, 1864, detonated the explosives creating a crater some 135 feet in diameter — still visible today. Some 280 to 350 Confederate soldiers were instantly killed in the blast. Thus began the Battle of the Crater.