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Eleventh Amendment of the Constitution of Ireland
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Eleventh Amendment of the Constitution of Ireland

The Eleventh Amendment of Bunreacht na hÉireann, the constitution of the Republic of Ireland, permitted the state to ratify the Maastricht Treaty. It was effected by the Eleventh Amendment of the Constitution Act, 1992, which was approved by referendum on 18th June 1992 and signed into law on the 16th July of the same year.

Table of contents
1 Changes to the text
2 Overview
3 See also
4 External links

Changes to the text

The State may become a member of the European Coal and Steel Community (established by Treaty signed at Paris on the 18th day of April, 1951), the European Economic Community (established by Treaty signed at Rome on the 25th day of March, 1957) and the European Atomic Energy Community (established by Treaty signed at Rome on the 25th day of March, 1957). The State may ratify the Single European Act (signed on behalf of the Member States of the Communities at Luxembourg on the 17th day of February, 1986, and at The Hague on the 28th day of February, 1986). No provision of this Constitution invalidates laws enacted, acts done or measures adopted by the State necessitated by the obligations of membership of the Communities, or prevents laws enacted, acts done or measures adopted by the Communities, or institutions thereof, from having the force of law in the State.

The State may ratify the Treaty on European Union signed at Maastricht on the 7th day of February, 1992, and may become a member of that Union.

No provision of this Constitution invalidates laws enacted, acts done or measures adopted by the State which are necessitated by the obligations of membership of the European Union or of the Communities, or prevents laws enacted, acts done or measures adopted by the European Union or by the Communities or by institutions thereof, or by bodies competent under the Treaties establishing the Communities, from having the force of law in the State.

The State may ratify the Agreement relating to Community Patents drawn up between the Member States of the Communities and done at Luxembourg on the 15th day of December, 1989.

Overview

The Eleventh Amendment of the Constitution was one of a number of amendments that have been made to expressly permit the state to ratify changes to the founding treaties of the European Union (then known as the European Community) (others have been the Tenth, Eighteenth and Twenty-sixth Amendments). These amendments were all adopted in response to the 1987 ruling of the Supreme Court, in the case of Crotty v. An Taoiseach, that major changes to the treaties are unconstitutional unless accompanied by an amendment. However it has been a matter of scholarly dispute as to whether or not each and every one of these treaties has been sufficiently far-reaching as to actually necessitate a referendum. The official name of the Maastricht Treaty is the Treaty on European Union. It should be noted that, while the changes shown above are those made to the English language version of the constitution, constitutionally it is the Irish text that has precedence.

The Eleventh Amendment was introduced by a Fianna Fáil-Progressive Democrats coalition government but the only party to oppose it was Democratic Left. Some anti-abortion groups also opposed the treaty, arguing that it might lead to legalised abortion in the Republic. Voting in the referendum went 1,001,076 (69.1%) in favour and 448,655 (30.9%) against.

See also

External links

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Preceded by:
10th Amendment (1987)
Amendments of the Constitution of Ireland Followed by:
13th Amendment (1992)