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The Republic of Ecuador is a country of South America.

República del Ecuador
(In Detail)
National motto: Libertad y Orden
(Spanish; "Liberty and Order")
Official language Spanish
Capital Quito
Largest City Guayaquil
President Lucio Gutiérrez
 - Total
 - % water
Ranked 71th
283,560 km²
 - Total (2002)
 - Density
Ranked 62nd
 - Date
From Spain
24 May, 1822
Currency US dollar
Time zone UTC -5
National anthem Salve, Oh Patria
Internet TLD .EC
Calling Code593

Table of contents
1 History
2 Politics
3 Provinces
4 Geography
5 Economy
6 Demographics
7 Culture
8 Miscellaneous topics
9 External link


Main article: History of Ecuador

The Republic of Ecuador was one of three countries that emerged from the collapse of Gran Colombia in 1830 (the others being Colombia and Venezuela).

Between 1904 and 1942, Ecuador lost territories in a series of conflicts with its neighbors.

In 1941 a territorial conflict started between Ecuador and Peru which led to the "Protocolo de Rio de Janeiro" signed in January 29, 1942. Still several wars between the two countries carried on until October 26, 1999 when presidents Jamil Mahuad (Ecuador) and Alberto Fujimori (Peru) signed the "Acta de Brasilia". Peru gave 1 square-kilometer (called "Tiwintza") to Ecuador inside its territory where 14 soldiers are buried; also both countries signed commerce and navigation agreements in which Ecuador have unrestricted navigation rights on the Amazon river.


Main article: Politics of Ecuador

On November 24, 2002, Lucio Gutiérrez won the presidential elections. He became president on January 15, 2003.


see Provinces of Ecuador


Main article: Geography of Ecuador

The capital is Quito and the largest city is Guayaquil.


Main article: Economy of Ecuador

Gustavo Noboa, who assumed the presidency in January 2000, has managed to pass substantial economic reforms and mend relations with international financial institutions. Ecuador completed its first standby agreement since 1986 when the IMF Board approved a 10 December 2001 disbursement of $96 million, the final installment of a $300 million standby credit agreement. In February 2003, newly installed president Lucio Gutierrez faced a budget gap and massive foreign debt. He has pledged to use oil revenues to pay off debt and is seeking additional IMF support.


Main article: Demographics of Ecuador


Main article: Culture of Ecuador

See also:

Miscellaneous topics

External link

[ Edit {}] Countries in South America
Argentina | Bolivia | Brazil | Chile | Colombia | Ecuador | Guyana | Paraguay | Peru | Suriname | Uruguay | Venezuela
Dependencies: Falkland Islands | French Guiana