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Christian Democracy
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Christian Democracy

Christian Democracy is a political ideology, born at the end of the 19th century with the papal encyclical Rerum Novarum of Pope Leo XIII, in which the Vatican recognizes workers' misery, in reaction to the rise of the socialist and trade-union movements; the position of the Roman Catholic Church on this matter was further clarified in a subsequent encyclical, Quadragesimo Anno, by Pope Pius XI in 1931. Though the Christian Democratic movement is very heterogeneous, it agrees generally on certain topics. The proposed design of the State is different from that advocated by the liberals: it must be decentralized, to be made up by various bodies, but to have an unquestionable capacity. Christian Democracy sees economy as being at the service of humanity; they do not call capitalism into question. The duty of care of the State is thus of some importance for Christian Democrats; this overlaps with the ideas of Christian socialism. Christian Democrats have usually followed that Vatican positions on public-moral issues. However they may have accepted laicity, divorce and even abortion. Christian Democrats usually ally with Social Democracy, Conservatives or Liberals.

Christian Democracy has been especially important in Italy, inspired by Dom Sturzo, and Germany (see CDU and CSU).

There are also Christian trade unions that set themselves apart from revolutionary trade unions, which sometimes label the Christian unions as "yellow trade unions".

The Justice and Development Party, currently in power in Turkey, is often described abroad as espousing Islamic Democracy.

See also

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