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Candide
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Candide

Candide is a short novel by the Enlightenment philosopher Voltaire.

Sardonic in outlook, it follows the naive protagonist Candide from his first exposure to the precept that "all is for the best in this, the best of all possible worlds," and on through a series of adventures that dramatically disprove that precept even as the protagonist clings to it. The novel satirizes the philosophy of Gottfried Leibniz. In "Candide", Leibniz is represented by the philospher Dr. Pangloss, the tutor of the title character. Despite a series of misfortunes and misadventures, Pangloss continually asserts that "tout est au mieux" ("everything is for the best") and the he lives in "le meilleur des mondes possibles" ("the best of all possible worlds).

Voltaire never openly admitted to having written the controversial Candide. The work is signed with a pseudonym: "Monsieur le docteur Ralph," literally "Mr. Dr. Ralph."

Leonard Bernstein based an operetta (1956) on Voltaire's story. The overture is very popular as an orchestral piece.

See also: panglossianism

Memorable passages of Candide

External links