Encyclopedia  |   World Factbook  |   World Flags  |   Reference Tables  |   List of Lists     
   Academic Disciplines  |   Historical Timeline  |   Themed Timelines  |   Biographies  |   How-Tos     
Sponsor by The Tattoo Collection
Battle of Shiloh
Main Page | See live article | Alphabetical index

Battle of Shiloh

The Battle of Shiloh was a major battle in the American Civil War, fought in south central Tennessee, 25 miles northeast of Corinth, Mississippi. It took place on April 6 and April 7, 1862.  It is also called the Battle of Pittsburg Landing. 

In March, after general Henry Wager Halleck had been given top command in the West and Ulysses S. Grant had been made a major general, Grant's Army of the Tennessee consisting of 42,000 troops, under orders from Henry Wager Halleck, was on the way to Corinth, Mississippi, a strategically important railroad center. Union Army general Don Carlos Buell was marching down from Nashville with his Army of the Ohio made up of 25,000 troops. Grant positioned his troops on the western bank of the Tennessee at Pittsburg Landing with most men in camp near Shiloh Church, where he waited for Buell for almost a month. Grant was caught off guard by the Confederate Army of the Mississippi, led by Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard and Albert Sidney Johnston (killed 6 April), the one who decided to attack before Buell arrived. Buell, however arrived at dark on April the 6th, in the nick of time.

The two day battle, the costliest in U.S. history up to that time, resulted in the defeat of the Confederate army force and frustration of Johnston's plans to prevent the joining of the two Union armies in Tennessee. A total of 23,746 men were killed, wounded, or missing.